|Volume 66 No. 2
Minutes of the 1212th Meeting
The 1212th meeting of the Chicago Coin Club was called
to order by First Vice President Lyle Daly at 6:45 PM,
Wednesday, January 8, 2020, at the Chicago Bar
Association Building, 321 S. Plymouth Court, Downtown
Chicago with 24 members and 2 guests: Anne Anaszewicz
and Denise Kitchen.
V.P. Daly announced that all photographs and videos
are prohibited without explicit approval.
The November and December minutes were approved as
printed in the Chatter.
A detailed November - December Treasurer’s
Report showed $7,196.91 in revenue, $7,779.80 in
expenses, and $33,896.90 in assets.
A detailed 2019 Year End Report showed $53,103 in
revenue, $55,849 in expenses, and $33,897 in assets.
A motion was passed accepting the report.
As this was the last report by Steve Zitowsky,
Treasurer for the last 16 years, he received a warm
round of applause.
The first reading was held of membership application
for Denise Kitchen, a former member returning after
raising her family.
Request made for 2020 featured speakers.
Upcoming featured programs include:
February 12, Brett Irick, The Art of Cherrypicking.
March 11, James Davis. U.S. Fractional Currency
September 9, James McMenamin.
Announced the Hall of Fame Committee, appointed by the
President, and members who wish to serve in 2020 should
volunteer with Richard Lipman.
Upcoming Club Meeting at Central States Numismatic
1 PM, Saturday, April 25, Renaissance Convention Center,
Program to be announced.
Exhibit Forms and Seminar Registration Forms available
at sign-in desk.
For complete schedule information and online forms, go to:
Announced a Board Meeting, 6 PM, Wednesday, February 19,
2020 at Connie’s Pizza, 2373 S. Archer Ave.,
Board members should email the Secretary with issues to
Robert Leonard, Newsletter Editor of the International
Primitive Money Society, announced the upcoming auction
of the Ken Hallenbeck collection of primitive money,
which will include 7 Yap Stones.
Kagin’s Auction will hold the sale at the National
Money Show, Atlanta, GA February 27-29, 2020.
Interested bidders should register at
Mark Wieclaw, Chairman of the 100th Anniversary Committee,
presented the Club Archivist with a chocolate bar given
to attendees at the December Annual Banquet.
Extra bars are available for $5.
John Kent announced he is an ANA District Representative
and has a supply of 1-year free membership coupons.
Second V.P John Riley introduced featured speaker Deven
Kane who delivered a program Six Kingdoms, One King
–The Coinage of Alfonso the Magnanimous and the
Crown of Aragon.
Following a question-and-answer period, John presented
Deven with an ANA Educational Certificate and a
personally engraved Club medal suspended from a neck
John Riley announced the evening’s 14 exhibitors.
The meeting was adjourned at 9:31 PM.
Carl F. Wolf,
Six Kingdoms, One King – The Coinage of Alfonso the Magnanimous and the Crown of Aragon
presented by Deven Kane,
to our January 8, 2020 meeting.
At the risk of over simplification, a king has multiple
kingdoms when the kingdoms are arranged in a
“personal union” instead of in an
An empire tries to use the same everything, everywhere
– the same language, set of laws, currency, and
an empire also aspires to some permanence.
Under a personal union, there is not much effort at
common institutions and integration; it is relatively
simple to break off a kingdom due to succession or other
The presentation started by showing three numismatic
reference books for this area:
The Coins of Medieval Europe, by Philip Grierson
Medieval Europe Coinage, Vol. 6, The Iberian Peninsula
(Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge), by Crusafont, Balaguer,
Medieval Europe Coinage, Vol. 14, Italy (III)
(Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge), by Grierson and Travaini
Next up were maps of the Iberian Peninsula from 790 and
900, showing the thin band of non-Muslim states across the
north, extending south from the Pyrenees Mountains.
Our attention was focused on landlocked Aragon in the
middle, with Navarre to the west (with a shoreline on the
Atlatic) and Catalonia to the east (with a shoreline on
A few simple coins were shown from the Union of Aragon and
Navarre, from 1063 to 1134, which ended in a succession
crisis because the last king had no son, only a brother in
He left the monastery to become king, married, had a daughter
who was betrothed to the Count of Barcelona (Catalonia),
and then he returned to the monastery.
Local military successes against the Muslim forces provided
for expansion and new kingdoms to the south, increasing
the exposure to the Mediterranean.
Following the 1231 capture from Muslims of the Balearic
Islands, the Kingdom of Majorca was created and given to
a younger son but, following antagonism towards Aragon,
Aragon conquered the kingdom and reincorporated it into
the Crown of Aragon.
This was kingdom #2.
With the earlier abandonment of claims in Southern France,
continued southward expansion was the only option, with
the Kingdom of Valencia created in 1238 with settlers
from Aragon and Catalonia to form kingdom #3 of the Crown
The story of Sicily, as kingdom #4, offers intrigue and
ties to much of Europe.
In 1266, at the behest of the Pope, Charles of Anjou
deposed and killed the Hohenstaufen King Manfred of
Sicily, with Manfred’s daughter Constance married
off to the future Peter III of Aragon.
The March 30, 1282 popular uprising against Charles of
Anjou resulted in the rebel’s asking Peter for
help – he soon conquered the island, but the War
of the Sicilian Vespers lasted for 20 years, with all
original protagonists dead by the time of peace;
the old Kingdom of Sicily was divided into the Avegnin
Kingdom of Naples (the southern mainland), and the
Aronese Kingdom of Trinacria (Sicily) ruled by a branch
of the House of Barcelona.
(Trinacria is Greek for three-cornered, and has
been used as a name for the island of Sicily.)
When Deven showed a gold coin of Manfred (1258-1266),
he pointed out the Hohenstaufen Imperial Eagle centered
on one side, and asked us to look for this image later.
Next up was kingdom #5, Sardinia.
Although the king of Aragon had been given the claim to
Sardinia and Corsica in 1297, the invasion took place
in 1323, with the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica
formally created in 1324 – the conquest of
Sardinia was not completed until 1420, at which time
Genoa still controlled Corsica, so Corsica was dropped
from the name of the kingdom.
The 1410 death of Martin of Aragon, without a son,
resulted in a meeting at Caspe to choose a successor
In 1412, Ferdinand of Antequera, the paternal uncle of
the king of Castile and nephew of Martin of Aragon, was
elected king of Aragon.
Following his death four years later, his son, the Alfonso
of this talk’s title, became king of Aragon, and
spent most of his 42-year reign (1416-1458) in Italy.
He was known differently in the different kingdoms:
Alfonso V of Aragon (Alfonso IV Count of Barcelona)
Alfonso III of Valencia
Alfonso II of Majorca
Alfonso II of Sardinia
Alfonso I of Sicily
Alfonso I of Naples
Kingdom #6, Naples, was added in 1435 as the Neopolitan
House of Anjou died out.
There does not appear to have been any attempt to
consolidate the coinage of his realms, and each kingdom
issued distinctive coinage.
We saw large silver coins from many of his realms, and
at first glance they appear similar to the groats,
deniers, and such struck at that time in Europe.
Aragon is usually mentioned in the legend, along with
the name of the local kingdom.
Many have a facing or profile bust of Alfonso;
some used devices which had been used on the local
coins before Aragon gained control.
The shown coins weighed from 2.93 to 3.48 grams; in
addition to local standards, the range reflects the
manufacturing process and clipping.
The coins of Sicily are generally of poor quality due
to pressure by pirates and the need to pay for the
conquest of Naples.
An interesting piece, with a Hohenstaufen eagle,
identifies itself as from the Duchies of Athens and
Neopatras – following the War of the Vespers,
Catalan mercenaries found employment in the Byzantine
Empire until the Empire ran out of money, at which time
they conquered the Duchies of Athens and Neopatras, and
swore fealty to the Arogonese King of Sicily.
The legends remained even after the duchies fell to a
Florentine adventurer and were under threat from the
A coin minted in Naples includes CICILIE CITRA ET VLTRA
in the legend, which refers to Sicily on this side and
beyond (on the other side of the Straits of Messina),
referring to the Italian mainland (Naples).
The small coins from Alfonso’s kingdoms were cruder
than the large silver coins, and are found worn and beat
up due to their heavy circulation.
In silver or billon, the shown examples weighed from 0.39
to 0.93 grams.
A diner from Sicily even has the Hohenstaufen eagle.
Two gold coins were shown.
A florin of Majorca, from about 1340 and in 75% gold, was
shown as an example of a coin struck in the Spanish realms;
half florins were also issued.
The worn state of the gold coins suggests heavy use, and
the artistry is not as nice as on the coins from Florence.
A 1½ ducat (1442-1458) of Naples and Sicily has an
armored knight on horseback on one side, and the quartered
arms of Hungary, Jerusalem, Aragon, and Naples on the other
Aragon became less important once Castille had the New
World and trade routes to the Indies.
Deven concluded the presentation with major historical
events from after Alfonso the Magnanimous.
Show and Tell
Items shown at our January 8, 2020 meeting,
reported by John Riley.
provided a Public Search Announcement (PSA).
He recently purchased coins from families which had
parents who were duped by two companies, one of
which was run by a former director of the US Mint.
They two companies are US Money Reserve and United
States Commemorative Gallery.
Mark showed some examples and shared some real horror
four banknotes of the Peoples Republic of China.
They are all from the 5th series of notes, and
feature Mao Zedong (Tse Tung) on the front.
On the back, “Peoples Republic of China”
appears in 5 languages: Mandarin pinyin, Mongolian,
Tibetan, Uyghen, and Zhuang.
The 10 Yuan features a rose watermark, and the three
gorges of the Yangtze River on the back.
The 20 Yuan has a Lotus watermark, and Scenery of
Guilin (Forest of Sweet Osmanthus) on the back.
The 50 Yuan features Mao for the watermark, and the
Potala Palace (the winter palace of the Dalai Lama
from 1649 to 1959, now a museum and World Heritage
site) on the back.
The 100 Yuan features Mao for the watermark, and
the Great Hall of the People (a state building on
the western edge of Tiananmen Square) on the back.
showed something old and something more recent.
A 1 Real of Carlos and Johanna, 1542-1570.
This Spanish colonial silver coin was struck at
the Mexico City mint (indicated by an M),
during the 1535-1570 tenure of Luis Rodriquez as
Assayer (indicated by an L).
Medals and Book on the USS Constellation:
Lyle’s wife visited Baltimore in August, 2019,
and brought back the book USS Constellation, an
Illustrated History and a medal, labeled as a
“Commemorative Coin,” celebrating the
ship’s centennial diamond Jubilee, 1797-1972.
A “relic” medal from 1955, created from
the 1855 ship’s bronze hull sheathing, which
was replaced in 1955.
Lyle pointed out that neither medal is a coin, and
the USS Constellation in Baltimore harbor is
actaully the second USS Constellation.
Historic Ships of Baltimore, the organization that
now operates the museum of which Constellation is a
part, does not present the ship as having been the
They acknowledge that the first vessel was broken up
in 1853, and present the accounts provided by more
recent editions of Dictionary of American Naval
Fighting Ships (DANFS).
showed a range of items.
A 1975 Spanish Coronation Medal, by Marín, for Juan
Carlos I, King of Spain.
This bronze medal has a diameter of 80mm and weighs
The bust of Juan Carlos is on the obverse, surrounded
by the circular legend: JUAN CARLOS I — REY DE
The Royal Crown is on the reverse, with the date
NOVIEMBRE 22 / 1975 below it.
A 1975 bronze Proclamation Medal to go with the above
This bronze medal has a diameter of 80mm and weighs
The superimposed heads of Juan Carlos and Sofía are
on the obverse, surrounded by the circular legend:
JUAN CARLOS Y SOFIA REYES DE ESPAÑA.
The reverse is the same as on the coronation medal.
An example of tin ”Hat Money” made about
1841 or 1842 in Pahang, where it was valued at 1/25
of a Mexican 8 Reales.
This cracked piece, measuring 76x78mm at the base
and weighing 187.33 grams, is pictured on page 155
of Opitz’s book on ethnographic money.
There are only 25 of these listed on Acsearch.
showed recent acquisitions.
1909 Liberty ”V” nickel for reference, and
then one with denticals and reeded edge – made
outside of the mint.
A 1984/1988 double headed “magician’s”
Bob provided an explanation of how these items are made
outside of the mint, using a specialty drill, lathe, and
A 1921 Morgan dollar with pieces of a belt buckle
soldered on the reverse.
An 1807 British token commemorating the end of the
British slave trade in 1807.
(It would take some more years for slavery to be
abolished in British lands.)
The edge has been worked to create a ”pie crust”
type of edge, most unusual.
The reverse legend appears in Arabic.
showed four nickels and a new book on counterfeit coins.
A counterfeit Shield Nickel dated 1868 and with a
Made of German Silver in 1869-70 in Brooklyn, it is
of type Zack 1868 Z1-B.
A genuine Shield Nickel, 1883.
A counterfeit Jefferson Nickel dated 1944, with a
bluish tint, and without a large P minmark over
Made of Monel Metal in 1954 in Erial, New Jersey,
it is of type Zack TD2-TDA.
A genuine Jefferson Nickel, 1945 P.
Winston Zack’s new 2019 book, Bad Metal:
Circulating Contemporary Counterfeit United States
Bob read a paragraph from the book’s introduction,
telling of how Winston was encouraged to attend ANA Summer
Seminar by fellow CCC members, and the club’s
mission of education – a nice reminiscence from
years ago when Winston was a student of Bob and other
club members, and how, through his book, Winston has
become the teacher!
Roles have been reversed, the student has become the
gave a travel summary of a Christmastime visit to the
Route 66 Museum in Pontiac, IL.
Upstairs was a War Museum, a moving tribute to America’s
military, specifically veterans from Livingston County,
with many uniforms, militaria, correspondence, and
souvenirs from periods of conflict – mainly WWI
Carl pointed out a particularly impressive “short
snorter” string of banknotes that is on display
– paper money from different countries visited by
a service member, taped end-to-end, and signed by multiple
comrades as a fraternal keepsake.
This one appears to be 13 or 14 feet long.
showed some books.
The 1957 edition (2nd ed.) of Whitman Publishing’s
Catalog of Modern World Coins – a book that
covered the previous century of world coins, and a
publication that introduced many collectors of the era
to a wider range of coin collecting possibilities.
Collecting Vintage Coin Boards, Albums, and Folders
by Donald Kocken.
A new book to an emerging specialty.
A memory invoking look at how the hobby was marketed as
early as the 1930s, and drew attention to including
mintmarked issues to complete a set.
Occasionally the early issuers would pay a (supposed)
premium for a complete returned board containing, of
course, the scarce and more valuable issues!
showed a medal for the Chicago Numismatic Society’s
50th meeting (March 6, 1908).
In silver and as pictured in Bill Burd’s recent
book on medals and tokens of the Chicago Coin Club.
Dale spotted the medal, scarce in silver, in a
dealer’s ”bargain box.”
Steve Zitowsky showed a range of items.
A Chicago dealer had sold an ”unknown token”
to Steve many years ago.
This piece remain a numismatic mystery until a similar
piece recently was spotted in a national auction where
it was identified as from the Princely States of India.
This silver fanam of Travancore (1864) is notable for
its central and bold ”R.V.” legend.
A gold Unit of King Aphilas of Aksum (ca. AD 270/90 -
showed square and rectangular Indo-Greek and
Indo-Scythian copper coins with hard, dark brown patinas.
We do not know the names of these denominations, so we
give them names based upon weight: the largest now is
called a Full Unit, a coin weighing half of the largest
is called a Half Unit, and so on.
A copper Indo-Greek Full Unit issue of the Indo-Greek
King Eukratides, struck while at war with the dynasty
he had usurped.
The obverse has a Greek legend, while the reverse has
an Indian legend.
A similar piece, but a Half Unit.
These were mostly struck on smaller flans, using the
die for a full-sized coin.
Similar Indo-Greek Full Unit of King Heliokles II, with
an elephant on the reverse, and still bilingual.
A early copper Full Unit issue of Indo-Scythian King
Azes (the Great).
On one side the king is on a Baktrian camel, while a
brahman bull is on the other side.
Similar, but a Half Unit.
Similar, but a Quarter Unit.
talked about the rare ”Danish Dennings” struck
during the 1600s on oblong flans by Denmark, copying
Russian coins of this era.
A 1983 21-page offprint, by Brekke & Berglund, from
the Russian Numismatic Society.
Danish King Christian IV had these coins made, copied in
the Russian style, to facitate trade with Russia.
One side features a mounted horseman with lance, while
the other side has only a legend.
A piece with the Copenhagen mintmaster’s ”P”
marking under the horseman, indicating the coins were
struck by the mintmaster Johan Post, with the legend
in the name of the Russian czar Mikail.
A similarly styled Russian piece struck in the name of
the czar Dmitri Ivanovich.
showed a Slovakian token, dated 2007, commemorating
Chicago attorney Jeffery M. Leving with legend in
Slovak, ”25 years of Struggle/Leading Fathers
showed a book, titled Money Art, which he acquired
after reading about it in the Numismatic Bibliomania
Society’s newsletter, The E-Sylum.
This book features the banknote creations of Slovak
artist Matej Gabris.
Audrius showed several high quality, painstakenly
detailed fantasy ”Specimen” banknotes
rendered by Gabris, and pointed out a ironic developing
phenomenon – these fantasy notes are quite popular
and are now being counterfeited!
As a result the book details the elaborate security
precautions now being employed – watermarks, and
notes in polymer.
Our 1213th Meeting
||February 12, 2020|
At the Chicago Bar Association, 321 S. Plymouth Court, 3rd floor meeting room.
Please remember the security measures at our meeting building:
everyone must be prepared to show their photo-ID and register at the guard’s desk.
||Brett Irick —
The Art of Cherrypicking, and Ten Mistakes to Avoid When Buying
The best way to “cherry pick” – also
known as making a very good buy – is without
alarming the selling party and/or other auction bidders.
With over fifty years in the hobby, a number of
techniques have been learned and effectively executed at
auctions, coin shows, and in dealer show rooms.
Past American Numismatic Association president Bob Campbell
advised, in a talk on this subject, that “big sharks
swallow little sharks.”
Two years ago Central States Numismatic Society governor
Andy Kimmel developed a presentation on mistakes to avoid
when buying coins and other numismatic material that will
be presented as part of this talk.
The information shared in this talk and audience input will
sharpen your buying skills.
Exceptional examples of cherry picks will be shared with
those in attendance.
Unless stated otherwise,
our regular monthly CCC Meeting
is in downtown Chicago
on the second Wednesday of the month;
the starting time is 6:45PM.
||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - Brett Irick on The Art of Cherrypicking|
||ANA’s National Money Show
at the Cobb Galleria Centre, Atlanta, Georgia.
||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - Jim Davis on Fractional Currency|
||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - Mark Wieclaw on Dynastic Issues of the Roman Empire|
||81st Anniversary Convention of the Central States Numismatic Society
at the Schaumburg Renaissance Hotel & Convention Center, 1551 North Thoreau Drive, Schaumburg, IL.
There is a $5 per day admission charge, but admission is free for CSNS Life Members.
For details, refer to their website,
||CCC Meeting - 1pm at the CSNS Convention,
which is held at the Schaumburg Convention Center.
No admission charge for our meeting.
Featured Speaker - to be announced
||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - to be announced|
||CCC Meeting - Featured Speaker - to be announced|
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|Richard Lipman||- President|
|Lyle Daly||- First V.P.|
|John Riley||- Second V.P.|
|William Burd||- Archivist|
|Elliott Krieter||- Immediate Past President|
|Carl Wolf||- Secretary|
|Elliott Krieter||- Treasurer|
|Paul Hybert||- Chatter Editor, webmaster|
|Jeffrey Rosinia||- ANA Club Representative|
All correspondence pertaining to Club matters
should be addressed to the Secretary and mailed to:
CHICAGO COIN CLUB
P.O. Box 2301
CHICAGO, IL 60690
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